Back Pain & Neck Pain

At Orewa Chiropractic, we specialise in spine care for back pain and neck pain.

The lower part of the back, the lumbar spine, includes five vertebrae and five discs held by the ligaments. The muscles control the movements of the vertebrae, and the nerve roots go through a hole between two vertebrae and a disc. 

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Mechanical Back Pain and Chiropractic

A moderate mechanical back pain involves a joint or segmental dysfunction of the spine, known as displaced or “out-of-place” bone. Vertebrae are piled one on the other and can move at the level of 2 joints. Poor fitness and musculature create some weakness, and the control of these joints is subdued. Awkward movements like picking an object up or getting up quickly can lead to spasms and locking a joint. The activities are restricted and painful. Joint dysfunctions are always present when the spine is injured.

Severe mechanical back pain is primarily due to a sprain or a strain of the lumbar spine’s components, including muscles, ligaments and connective tissue. Tears are extremely painful.

The most common causes are lifting worsened by twisting the spine, unexpected stress on the spine like slipping or falling, repetitive movements, prolonged poor posture, and sustained impact in sports practice. The lumbar spine is particularly vulnerable when bending forward and twisting. The course of digging or shovelling is hazardous and should receive the most attention.

Slipped Disc

A "slipped disc" is an improper term that refers to an injured intervertebral disc. Discs are made of water, ligaments, and some jelly material called the nucleus. An accident can tear the inner ligaments, and the nucleus may go through, leading to a bulged disc or protrusion. If the material goes through the disc's outer layer, we name it 'excluded herniation.' The nearby nerve root is likely irritated, and sciatica is resented with numbness or tingling in the leg. This type of back pain is called compressive. Chiropractors can adjust bulged discs.

Please check out this video at https://www.spineuniverse.com/conditions/back-pain/low-back-pain/low-back-pain-animation.

 

Degenerative Spine or Osteoarthratis

Like any tissue in the body, after 25, the intervertebral disc will degenerate. We then use the term degenerative disc disease or spondylosis. The disc is dehydrated and thinner, and the spine is less stable. The forces applied are more harmful and may cause inflammation in the cartilage, labelled osteoarthritis. The bones receive more pressure and grow anarchically like spurs. The structure is altered and leads to chronic pain (over three months). Spondylolisthesis is a common type of degeneration when a vertebra slips over the disc.

Back pain should not be ignored. Like any injury, the body heals, and the pain wanes. However, the segmental dysfunction likely remains. The spine then functions properly with increased stiffness, weakness, and recurrent pain in everyday life like driving or vacuuming. This dysfunction is an essential factor of future chronic low back pain.

Chiropractors use adjustments to restore proper function freeing the spine, releasing pressure on nerve roots, reducing inflammation and alleviating pain. They also prescribe exercises to improve strength, flexibility and endurance.

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